Mundo de las telas, tipos y sus caracter铆sticas: Algod贸n, Alpaca, Batista y Brocado

Y continuamos con otros tipos de telas que son y pueden ser utilizadas en prendas de vestir:

ALGOD脫N: Esta es una fibra vegetal que se obtiene de la borra que recubre la semilla del algodonero. La alidada del algod贸n depender谩 de su finura, pureza, brillo y por sobre todo de la longitud de sus fibras: mayor longitud, m谩s fino, resistente y regular es el hilo que se obtenga.聽 El algod贸n es utilizado en muchas prendas de vestir por su gran poder absorbente, resistencia al calor, al lavado, no se apolilla ni se apelmaza y no acumula electricidad est谩tica. El uso de algod贸n la encontramos en variada ropa de vestir como calzas, poleras, calcetines, ropa interior, etc. Incluso se ha aliado el algod贸n con otras fibras para crear otro tipos de telas.

ALPACA: Esta tambi茅n es una fibra natural que se extrae del pelo del mam铆fero que lleva el mismo nombre. Este pelaje es muy apreciado porque es m谩s largo, brillante y flexible que el de otras especies lanares. Es un tejido fino, sedoso y liviano, se utiliza en la fabricaci贸n de alfombras y telas para la confecci贸n de abrigos y su茅teres.

BATISTA: tela de origen franc茅s, denominado en un comienzo 鈥渂atiste鈥. Esta es una tela muy fina, suave y transparente que se fabrica en la actualidad con algod贸n o lino a la que se le a帽ade fibras de pol铆meros. Esta tela se emplea en la confecci贸n de ropas finas como camisas, pa帽uelos de bolsillo, lencer铆a, en bordados, etc.

BROCADO: tejido de seda con bordado en relieve de hilos de metal o de seda m谩s brillante. Antiguamente se fabricaban con hilos de oro o plata. Con estas fibras se van formando dibujos de flores, animales o figuras geom茅tricas. Hay muchos brocados que en la actualidad se mezclan en distintos porcentajes el ray贸n, la viscosa y el algod贸n, de ah铆 que va cambiando su textura y grosor. Podemos encontrar este tipo de tela en tapicer铆a o cortinas, pero tambi茅n es utilizada por grandes dise帽adores de ropa.

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